Gingivitis and Periodontal Disease (Gum Disease)

Gingivitis and Periodontal Disease (Gum Disease)

Jun 01, 2019

Periodontitis which is also known as gum disease begins with bacterial growth in your mouth and may end with tooth loss if not treated properly.

What’s the Difference Between Gingivitis and Periodontitis?

Gingivitis is the initial stage of periodontitis. However, it is important to know that not all gingivitis progresses into periodontitis. Though the teeth are irritated during gingivitis, the teeth are still firmly planted in the sockets.

If left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis. In a person with periodontitis, the inner layer of the gum and bone pull away from teeth and pockets. The small spaces between teeth and gums collect debris and become infected. Toxins released by bacteria in plaque begin to break down the bone and connective tissue which holds the teeth in place.

What Causes Gum Disease?

  • Hormonal changes
  • Illness
  • Medications
  • Bad habits
  • Poor oral hygiene habits

What Are the Symptoms of Gum Disease?

  • Gums that bleed during and after tooth brushing
  • Red, swollen, and tender gums
  • Persistent bad breath
  • Receding gums
  • Formation of deep pockets between teeth and gums
  • Loose or shifting teeth
  • Changes in the way teeth fit together

How Does My Dentist in Sarasota Diagnose Gum Disease?

  • Gum bleeding, swelling, firmness, and pocket depth help in determining gum disease.
  • Teeth movement and sensitivity and proper teeth alignment.
  • Your jawbone for detecting breakdown of bone surrounding the teeth

How Is Gum Disease Treated?

The goal of treatment is to reattach healthy gums to teeth, reduce swelling, and depth of the pockets. Treatment depends on the stage of the gum disease.

How Can Gum Disease Be Prevented?

Gingivitis can be reversed and the progression of gum disease can be prevented by keeping your teeth and gums clean. You must brush and floss your teeth regularly twice a day along with visiting the dentist twice a year for dental cleaning and examination.

Is Gum Disease Linked to Other Health Problems?

There are several instances where it has been observed that gum disease can lead to other health issues such as diabetes, kidney issue, cardiac ailments, dementia, and pre-term birth. Contact Strickland Dental in Sarasota Today!

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