What is Root Canal Therapy and What Does it Involve?

What is Root Canal Therapy and What Does it Involve?

Jun 01, 2021

When you have decay that extends to the inner parts of the teeth, the dentist may recommend a root canal procedure to remove the damaged parts. The primary purpose of getting a root canal near you is to preserve your teeth and prevent the decay from spreading.

What is the Root Canal?

A root canal treatment is a process of removing the pulp cavity. Our teeth have three layers; the enamel, the dentin, and the soft inner layer—the pulp. The pulp chamber houses nerves, tissues, and blood vessels that support the teeth during the growth stage. After the teeth have attained full growth, the pulp loses this function but is still vital to your dental health. This is because any damage to the pulp can cause pain and affect the surrounding soft tissues.

Several causes can affect the pulp and they include:

  • Deep decay
  • Multiple and repeated dental procedures done on the same tooth
  • An injury to the tooth
  • A chip or crack in your teeth

How Can You Tell You Need an Endodontic Treatment?

The most common symptom of an infected and damaged pulp cavity is persistent tooth pain. The pain may occur all the time, or happen on waves. You may feel discomfort on the jaw, face, and other teeth.

Other symptoms include:

  • Lingering sensitivity to cold and hot foods
  • Tooth discoloration. As the pulp cavity dies, the blood supply to the teeth is disrupted and this may cause the teeth to discolor.
  • Swollen gums around the affected area
  • Pain when eating and touching the teeth
  • Chipped or cracked teeth
  • Loose teeth

How is the Root Canal Procedure Done?

The root canal therapy is done in two dental visits and it is done in several steps:

  • Dental Cleaning

Dr. Shamisa Shafi will begin the process by cleaning the teeth and gums. Radiology is often done to check the condition of the jaw bone and the extent of the damage. Next, a sheet is used to separate the affected teeth and keep them dry.

  • Removing the pulp

The dentist will make an incision on the gums and open the top of the teeth to expose the infected pulp. Using special dental tools, she will remove the pulp clean out the canals in the teeth.

The area is then coated with an antibiotic cream to prevent an infection. The dentist will use a biocompatible dental material to fill and seal it with gutta-percha.

  • Use of dental fillings

The chamber is covered with a dental filling to protect the teeth from saliva and other debris. This filling is used temporarily and you will need to visit the dentist to have the dental crown fixed.

What Can You Expect After the Procedure?

Following the root canal procedure, you will experience gum soreness, bleeding, and swelling. These dental problems will clear out after some time, but the dentist will prescribe pain medication and antibiotics to ease the discomfort and prevent infection. However, if the post-procedure side effects do not clear, visit an emergency dentist in Sarasota for an assessment.

Are There Risks Associated with Root Canal?

Root canal treatment is safe and effective. However, a few problems may develop that may cause the procedure to fail. Problems like multiple canals. Some may go undetected and therefore the dentist will not be able to remove them. These may lead to reinfection and warrant a repeat of the procedure.

A dental abscess, nerve bruising, and broken dental fillings are some of the problems that can arise after the root canal procedure. If you experience pain and discomfort a few days after the procedure, it is recommended you visit a dental clinic in Sarasota.

What Happens if You Delay the Endodontic Treatment?

The infection will spread to the surrounding tissues and cause severe damage to the teeth. If the teeth are too damaged, the dentist will do a tooth extraction instead. This is the permanent removal of your teeth. Tooth extraction can lead to other dental problems, and you may need restorative dental procedures to cover the gaps.

Schedule an Appointment

Visit Strickland Family Dentistry for more information on root canal procedures.

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