Periodontitis which is also known as gum disease begins with bacterial growth in your mouth and may end with tooth loss if not treated properly.
Gingivitis is the initial stage of periodontitis. However, it is important to know that not all gingivitis progresses into periodontitis. Though the teeth are irritated during gingivitis, the teeth are still firmly planted in the sockets.
If left untreated, it can progress to periodontitis. In a person with periodontitis, the inner layer of the gum and bone pull away from teeth and pockets. The small spaces between teeth and gums collect debris and become infected. Toxins released by bacteria in plaque begin to break down the bone and connective tissue which holds the teeth in place.
The goal of treatment is to reattach healthy gums to teeth, reduce swelling, and depth of the pockets. Treatment depends on the stage of the gum disease.
Gingivitis can be reversed and the progression of gum disease can be prevented by keeping your teeth and gums clean. You must brush and floss your teeth regularly twice a day along with visiting the dentist twice a year for dental cleaning and examination.
There are several instances where it has been observed that gum disease can lead to other health issues such as diabetes, kidney issue, cardiac ailments, dementia, and pre-term birth.